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Parallel Execution — 1b The PARALLEL Hint and AutoDoP (contd)

Continuing the previous thread, having restarted the database again, with the same CPU_COUNT and missing I/O Calibration statistics ….

The question this time is : What if the table level DoP is specifically 1 ?

[oracle@localhost ~]$ sqlplus '/ as sysdba'

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Mon Mar 2 23:22:28 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SYS>show parameter cpu

NAME TYPE VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
cpu_count integer 4
parallel_threads_per_cpu integer 2
resource_manager_cpu_allocation integer 4
SYS>show parameter parallel

NAME TYPE VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
fast_start_parallel_rollback string LOW
parallel_adaptive_multi_user boolean FALSE
parallel_automatic_tuning boolean FALSE
parallel_degree_limit string CPU
parallel_degree_policy string MANUAL
parallel_execution_message_size integer 16384
parallel_force_local boolean FALSE
parallel_instance_group string
parallel_io_cap_enabled boolean FALSE
parallel_max_servers integer 135
parallel_min_percent integer 0
parallel_min_servers integer 0
parallel_min_time_threshold string AUTO
parallel_server boolean FALSE
parallel_server_instances integer 1
parallel_servers_target integer 64
parallel_threads_per_cpu integer 2
recovery_parallelism integer 0
SYS>
SYS>select * from dba_rsrc_io_calibrate;

no rows selected

SYS>
SYS>connect hemant/hemant
Connected.
HEMANT>set serveroutput off
HEMANT>select degree from user_tables where table_name = 'LARGE_TABLE';

DEGREE
----------------------------------------
4

HEMANT>alter table large_table parallel 1;

Table altered.

HEMANT>select degree from user_tables where table_name = 'LARGE_TABLE';

DEGREE
----------------------------------------
1

HEMANT>select /*+ PARALLEL */ count(*) from LARGE_TABLE;

COUNT(*)
----------
4802944

HEMANT>select * from table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor);

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SQL_ID 47m7qyrj6uzqn, child number 0
-------------------------------------
select /*+ PARALLEL */ count(*) from LARGE_TABLE

Plan hash value: 2085386270

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Cost (%CPU)| Time | TQ |IN-OUT| PQ Distrib |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | | 2622 (100)| | | | |
| 1 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | | | | | |
| 2 | PX COORDINATOR | | | | | | | |
| 3 | PX SEND QC (RANDOM) | :TQ10000 | 1 | | | Q1,00 | P->S | QC (RAND) |
| 4 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | | | Q1,00 | PCWP | |
| 5 | PX BLOCK ITERATOR | | 4802K| 2622 (1)| 00:00:32 | Q1,00 | PCWC | |
|* 6 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| LARGE_TABLE | 4802K| 2622 (1)| 00:00:32 | Q1,00 | PCWP | |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

6 - access(:Z>=:Z AND :Z<=:Z)

Note
-----
- automatic DOP: skipped because of IO calibrate statistics are missing


27 rows selected.

HEMANT>select px_servers_executions from v$sqlstats where sql_id='47m7qyrj6uzqn';

PX_SERVERS_EXECUTIONS
---------------------
8

HEMANT>

Aaha ! Again ! The same SQL statement, the same SQL_ID, the same Execution Plan (Plan Hash Value) and Oracle chose to use 8 PX Servers for the query ! Again, ignoring the table level DoP (of 1)

So, once again, we see that Oracle actually computes a DoP that looks like it is CPU_COUNT x PARALLEL_THREADS_PER_CPU. Let’s verify this.

HEMANT>connect / as sysdba
Connected.
SYS>alter system set parallel_threads_per_cpu=4;

System altered.

SYS>alter system flush shared_pool;

System altered.

SYS>connect hemant/hemant
Connected.
HEMANT>select degree from user_tables where table_name = 'LARGE_TABLE';

DEGREE
----------------------------------------
1

HEMANT>set serveroutput off
HEMANT>select /*+ PARALLEL */ count(*) from Large_Table;

COUNT(*)
----------
4802944

HEMANT>select * from table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor);

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SQL_ID 8b0ybuspqu0mm, child number 0
-------------------------------------
select /*+ PARALLEL */ count(*) from Large_Table

Plan hash value: 2085386270

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Cost (%CPU)| Time | TQ |IN-OUT| PQ Distrib |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | | 1311 (100)| | | | |
| 1 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | | | | | |
| 2 | PX COORDINATOR | | | | | | | |
| 3 | PX SEND QC (RANDOM) | :TQ10000 | 1 | | | Q1,00 | P->S | QC (RAND) |
| 4 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | | | Q1,00 | PCWP | |
| 5 | PX BLOCK ITERATOR | | 4802K| 1311 (1)| 00:00:16 | Q1,00 | PCWC | |
|* 6 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| LARGE_TABLE | 4802K| 1311 (1)| 00:00:16 | Q1,00 | PCWP | |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

6 - access(:Z>=:Z AND :Z<=:Z)

Note
-----
- automatic DOP: skipped because of IO calibrate statistics are missing


27 rows selected.

HEMANT>select px_servers_executions from v$sqlstats where sql_id='8b0ybuspqu0mm';

PX_SERVERS_EXECUTIONS
---------------------
16

HEMANT>

YES SIR ! Oracle chose to use 16 PX Servers this time. So that does look like CPU_COUNT x PARALLEL_THREADS_PER_CPU. Have you also noticed the COST ? The COST has also dropped to half. So, the COST is also computed based on the number of PX Servers that it expects to be able to grab and use.

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